The ocean accounts for about 70% of the total area of the earth. Not only does it play an irreplaceable role in the life of the earth, but it is also very important for everything in the world. Although the ocean is profoundly affecting our human life, there are still countless threats that are deeply hurting the ocean.
About 18 billion pounds of waste plastic is dumped into the ocean every year, whether intentionally or unintentionally. If we humans do not pay attention to restricting our own behavior, at this rate of white pollution, we will end up our own consequences by 2050.
Why do you say this? Because plastic is difficult to degrade, it can live on the earth for 1000 years, and the plastic contains toxins. If it is discarded in the ocean, it will not only cause the extinction of marine life, but also endanger our human health, and may also disrupt the balance of the global ecosystem.
Filling our oceans with plastics is undesirable and unsafe. First of all, plastics hinder the propagation of light in seawater. A large number of microplastics float on the surface of the ocean and are suspended in various layers of seawater, which hinders the transmission of light in seawater, affect the use of light by various organisms in the water, and interferes with their normal life activities. Secondly, if discarded plastics are thrown into the ocean, it is very likely that marine life will mistakenly think that these things are edible, that is, by mistake, but plastics cannot be digested by marine life. Slowly, these creatures are not starved to death and are poisoned by poison contained in plastic. Then, those fish that swallowed toxins in the plastic body are likely to be served on our table. Everything in the world is connected, no matter what you do, it is possible to return to you in the end.
The toxins contained in plastics are directly related to common problems of human health, such as cancer, immune system problems, and birth defects.
How should we solve the problem of ocean pollution? In 2019, the former Governor of California promulgated the Parliamentary Act of 1884, which prohibits restaurants from actively offering plastic straws to guests who eat at the restaurant unless requested by the guests. This is the first step taken to combat marine pollution, but it is just a small measure to protect marine life and clear the marine environment. There is still a long way to go. As we all know, the problem of plastic bags and disposable packaging should be solved urgently.
The government should encourage scientists to give them the opportunity to discover and promote degradable plastic bags; and, formulate laws and regulations to regulate the plastic production process and recycling process. In addition, enterprises have to take responsibility to effectively monitor the production of plastic products. Although they have no great effect, they can at least relieve the pressure on the marine environment. If possible, they can gradually change the production system to reduce plastic problems. At the same time, consumers should increase awareness of environmental protection, pay attention to recycling issues, pay attention to garbage classification, reduce the purchase and use of disposable products, and if possible, they can be reused multiple times.
Everyone is responsible for protecting the environment. When something goes wrong, we should not shirk our responsibilities to each other, but to unite and unite with the outside world. Each of us should have a sense of protecting the environment and reducing plastic pollution, not only for the protection of marine life but also for the protection of our human health.